Parkinson Disease is a nerve system disorders that usually affecting 1% of people older than 60 years old. Men are in a higher chance to get Parkinson disease than women. It is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder and also most common movement disorder. It will affect the movements, muscle control and balancing of your body.
Parkinson disease can occur when there is lack of dopamine due to loss of dopamine-producing in the substantia nigra. Low amount of dopamine may cause the communication between substantia nigra and corpus striatum ineffective. Then, the movements become impaired.
The symptoms that Parkinson’s patients will experience such as:
- Tremor at rest
- It is a condition where you feel trembling in your fingers, arms, hands, legs, head or jaw when you have a rest.
- It becomes worsen when you feel stress, excited or tired.
- This symptom is refers to the slowness of movements that making the patient difficult to initiate and complete the movements.
- It will happen when the patients make a movement. This symptom due to the stiffness of the limbs and trunk.
- Patients will suffer from muscle aches and pain.
- Postural instability
- Patients will feel difficult to adjust their posture and maintain their balancing because lost of reflexes. This may lead to falls.
- Parkinsonian gait
- Patients with progressive Parkinson disease will develop a distinctive shuffling walk with a stooped position and diminished arm swing. So, they will have problem while making a turns and start walking.